With Gladness: Valley Forge

with-gladness-coverThe story Patriot Dreams is the only tale in With Gladness that isn’t set around or on Christmas Day. Why? (And why is it in a Christmas book?) We’ve got answers…

Patriot Dreams is a winter story. It’s set early in 1778. Why not Christmas 1777? Because the Continental Army arrived at Valley Forge on December 19, 1777, and the officers’ wives did not visit the encampment until several weeks later. Thus, if I’d set the story at Valley Forge Christmas, it would be a big historical mistake to have Mrs. Patton arriving to visit a well-established camp.

This blog post shares some of the historic winter setting of the story. There wouldn’t have been Christmas decorations at Valley Forge in 1777, but, if you’re curious, Revolutionary War Era decorations would have been pretty much the same as the colonial era and you can catch those details in last week’s post.1775-1778: America At War

The American War For Independence or the Revolutionary War (which ever term you prefer) officially started in 1775 on April 19 in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts. Later that same year, patriot forces captured Fort Ticonderoga – a strategic location with some artillery pieces – and battled at Breed’s (Bunker) Hill just outside Boston.

By March 1776, the British abandoned Boston, and the fighting shifted southward for the New York Campaign. In July, the Declaration of Independence was signed and forwarded to King George III of England, formally stating the grievances and new intentions of the former colonies. 1776 ended on a positive note for the Americas with victories at Trenton and Princeton.

Drilling at Valley Forge

Drilling at Valley Forge

1777 – fighting continued in New York and by October, a British general and 5,000 men had surrendered at Saratoga. With hindsight, we now recognize the Saratoga surrender as a significant turning point in the war…because it prompted the French and Spanish to official join the American cause.

However, the soldiers in George Washington’s army couldn’t see into the future. While their comrades in a different army fought for Saratoga, they suffered defeats at Brandywine and Germantown. Losing Philadelphia (the Continental capital) was a heavy blow and with disheartened attitudes, Washington’s army retreated to winter quarters at Valley Forge. They had no idea that good news and reinforcements were in their near future. All they knew was their recent defeats, lack of supplies, faltering cause, and cold winter.

(The war would last until 1783 when the Treaty of Paris was signed.)

Valley Forge: The Winter Camp

Philadelphia would’ve been ideal winter quarters, but unfortunately, the British had that luxury. George Washington led his army of 12,000 soldiers to Valley Forge, approximately 20 miles from the former capital city. It was hardly an ideal location, but there were lots trees for shelter building and firewood. Valley Forge was named for an iron shop (forge) built on a nearby creek.

Map of the Valley Forge Encampment

Map of the Valley Forge Encampment

When the army arrived, the commanders laid out a camp and defense plan. Within three days, soldiers had the first huts constructed, and around the beginning of February 1778, about 2,000 “log cabins” had been completed. Supplies were a serious problem; Congress struggled and squabbled to provide provisions for the army. Flour and water “fire cakes” and watery soup were staple fare.

The army stayed at Valley Forge until June 18, 1778. In the spring, Baron von Steuben began training the Continental Army in military drill and formations, making them a “real” army of citizen soldiers.

Martha Washington

Martha Washington

Lady Washington

Mrs. Washington arrived at Valley Forge in the beginning of February 1778. She usually spent the winter and spring months at the military encampments with her husband, General Washington.

Other generals’ wives also traveled to the 1777-1778 camp, including Catherine Greene, Lucy Knox, and Lady Stirling. Officers described the arrival of the ladies as the “bright side of Valley Forge.”

Featured In The Story

I wanted to emphasize the winter setting of Valley Forge with all its harshness and beauty. The natural background creates a unique setting with different wintery aspects emphasized at certain points in the story.

Here’s the opening section of Patriot Dreams:

“Nearly there,” Hannah murmured, adjusting the reins in her cold hands and guiding the tired horse as the wagon rolled through the icy snow. For the second year in a row, she was arriving at the winter camp of the Continental Army. On either side of the road, men crouched around fires or hurried into the frail log huts they had constructed.

Hannah had almost decided not to come this winter. It was difficult to travel, and she worried about the farm when she was away. The letter that had prompted this visit was hidden deep in her pocket, beneath the layers of clothes and capes.

(You’ll have to get the book to read the rest of the story!)

Your Historian & Authoress,

Miss Sarah

P.S. Want to know more about Valley Forge or visit the National Park? Check out their website: Valley Forge National Historical Park

 

About Sarah Kay Bierle

I’m Sarah Kay Bierle, historian, living history enthusiast, and historical fiction writer. When sharing history, I try to keep the facts interesting and understandable. History is about real people, real actions, real effects and it should inspire us today.
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One Response to With Gladness: Valley Forge

  1. Pingback: Crafting With Gladness: Popsicle Stick Winter Photo Frame | Gazette665

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